Tried searching the site for this already but couldn’t find anything up to date but I apologize if this has been covered. I know passengers have an obligation to produce ID or identifying info under Comm V. Washington (2011) for seatbelt violations. Scheft cited this case law as justification for a valid arrest for interfering with a police officer in his MV book though the correlation isn’t specifically mentioned in the case. My question is in Comm v. Washington it’s stated that probable cause of the belt violation only existed because the passenger never denied that he was unbelted prior to the stop in his interaction with the trooper. If they insist they were belted, even if no considerable time has elapsed since the time of the stop, does PC still exist to cite and therefore arrest upon failing to ID for interfering with a police officer? Had this come up the other night and I can’t find anyone who has a solid answer. I hope the answer is yes, you can arrest, but I’ve worked in this state just a little too long to be optimistic that they’d give us the teeth we need to enforce something like this. It’s also possible that new case law has emerged on this since 2011 so if that’s the case just looking for a start in the right direction.